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Scriptural Basics

 

Daniel (My Judge is God)

 

Daniel lived over 2,500 years ago, about 500 years before the birth of Jesus. He was a Hebrew exile brought from the city of Jerusalem to serve in Babylon. Over time, he served in a high capacity and proved to be unwavering in his faith to Almighty God, the God of Abraham.

The main theme of Daniel is the succession of Gentile (Non-Israelite) kingdoms up to the ushering in of God's kingdom to rule over the entire earth!

The end of the rule of the Gentile nations is known to some as "The end of the world!" But upon examination with scripture, it is not. It is just the end of an era where Gentile nations rule the earth. And at the end of that era is the beginning of a grand new era of righteousness, good health, and the resurrection of those who have died - All with the rule of God's kingdom! (Isaiah 11:6-9; 33:24; 35:5,6; Daniel 12:1,2; John 5:28,29)

But before God's kingdom begins ruling, there is tribulation. Jesus taught his disciples to pray for God's kingdom to come. He also talked with his disciples about the treacherous times ahead and referred to the writings of Daniel the prophet by name. (Matthew 6:9-13; 24: Mark 13; Luke 21)

We can learn a lot from Daniel regarding time periods. In fact the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (1984) has used the words "time" and "times" approximately 85 times in just the book of Daniel itself! When one studies the book of Daniel, one can see that it is not all in chronological order, as in Isaiah. Sometimes a point is re-illustrated or elaborated on somewhere else in the book. But it is not impossible to understand.

Basically every religion has it's own interpretation of Daniel or "the end days." But have you taken the time to  investigate to see for yourself if something is true or not? I am going to attempt to explain Daniel as simply as possible. By the end of this, you may know more about prophesy then your religious leaders! I find it a sad reality that many of those who are supposed to be teaching about God and his kingdom are teaching man's ideas over God's.

Personal notes:

I had put a note concerning Dan. 12:4, "Seal up the book until the time of the end" back on August 31, 2010. I felt that once the book was fully understood, we would be in the beginning of "the time of the end." Well, I don't really know how to describe it but I had what I would call a "mini-revelation" on January 17, 2016, concerning parts of Daniel chapter 7. Now parts are fitting together better than ever! Could we be on the edge of that time period now? Only time will tell. The important thing is that we continue to try to refine our worship and reject falsehood to the glory of God! I'm excited! I will be focusing on the information of which I believe is critical.

Daniel chapters one through six are basically in order. The other chapters, seven through 12 elaborate on each other and are not in order.

Daniel 1

Here we are introduced to Daniel and his three companions as exiles from Jerusalem to be tested and brought before the king of Babylon. As time goes on, they are all exalted to superior positions.

Daniel 1:17 "And as for these children, the four of them, to them the [true] God gave knowledge and insight in all writing and wisdom; and Daniel himself had understanding in all sorts of visions and dreams."

Daniel studying

Daniel and his three companions in Babylon

 

Daniel 2

We find, in this chapter, the king of Babylon has a dream and he demands to be told the dream and it's meaning or else the wise men are to be killed! No one can do this except Daniel who acknowledges that it is God who is the revealer of secrets.

This dream is of an immense image of a man made mostly of different metals with the exception of his feet which include clay. The king is the head of gold. Other Gentile (Non-Hebrew) kings are represented by other metals. There is a stone that smashes the image. The image basically blows away and the stone that smashed it becomes a large mountain and fills the earth. Daniel explains that it is God's kingdom that smashes the image and will not be passed onto anyone else.

This crushing of the image of the Gentile kings represented by metals is the end of the Gentile Times or as some say, the end of the world - But it is not the end of the world of man. It is the end of the world under Gentile rule and is replaced with God's Kingdom of righteousness with Jesus placed as the king! Not only is Jesus the Son of the Almighty but also the son of man of the lineage of Abraham, the father of many nations including the Hebrew nation.

Notice that as you read on how in the last part of Daniel 11, the king of the north is soundly defeated. Then immediately after that, Michael "stands up" and we see in chapter 12 verse 2 that a resurrection begins! Over this short period of time, the Gentile rulership over the earth is replaced by The Almighty's and his Son! - Compare Revelation 11:15

the king's dream

Daniel 2:20-23 "Daniel was answering and saying: "Let the name of God become blessed from time indefinite even to time indefinite, for wisdom and mightiness--for they belong to him. and he is changing times and seasons, removing kings and setting up kings, giving wisdom to the wise ones and knowledge to those knowing discernment. He is revealing the deep things and the concealed things, knowing what is in the darkness; and with him the light does dwell." - Compare where Jesus taught his disciples to pray for God's name to be made "holy" or "sanctified" in Matthew 6:9-13

Daniel 2:31-45 "You, O king, happened to be beholding, and, look! a certain immense image. That image, which was large and the brightness of which was extraordinary, was standing in front of you, and its appearance was dreadful. As regards that image, its head was of good gold, its breasts and its arms were of silver, its belly and its thighs were of copper, its legs were of iron, its feet were partly of iron and partly of molded clay. You kept on looking until a stone was cut out not by hands, and it struck the image on its feet of iron and of molded clay and crushed them. At that time the iron, the molded clay, the copper, the silver and the gold were, all together, crushed and became like the chaff from the summer threshing floor, and the wind carried them away so that no trace at all was found of them. And as for the stone that struck the image, it became a large mountain and filled the whole earth. (vs.36) "This is the dream, and its interpretation we shall say before the king. You, O king, the king of kings, you to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the might, and the strength and the dignity, and into whose hand he has given, wherever the sons of mankind are dwelling, the beasts of the field and the winged creatures of the heavens, and whom he has made ruler over all of them, you yourself are the head of gold. (vs.39) "And after you there will rise another kingdom inferior to you; and another kingdom, a third one, of copper, that will rule over the whole earth. (vs.40) "And as for the forth kingdom, it will prove to be strong like iron. Forasmuch as iron is crushing and grinding everything else, so, like iron that shatters, it will crush and shatter even all these. (vs.41) "And whereas you beheld the feet and the toes to be partly of molded clay of a potter and partly of iron, the kingdom itself will prove to be divided, but somewhat of the hardness of iron will prove to be in it, forasmuch as you beheld the iron mixed with moist clay. And as for the toes of the feet being partly of iron and partly of molded clay, the kingdom will partly prove to be strong and will partly prove to be fragile. Whereas you beheld iron mixed with moist clay, they will come to be mixed with the offspring of mankind; but they will not prove to be sticking together, this one to that one, just as iron is not mixing with molded clay. (vs.44) "And in those days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be brought to ruin. And the kingdom itself will not be passed on to any other people. It will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, and it itself will stand to times indefinite; forasmuch as you beheld that out of the mountain a stone was cut not by hands, and [that] it crushed the iron, the copper, the molded clay, the silver and the gold. The grand God himself has made known to the king what is to occur after this. And the dream is reliable, and the interpretation of it is trustworthy."

Remember that Jesus taught for God's kingdom to come in Matthew 6:9-13. Compare Psalms chapter two where it tells the kings of the earth to submit to God's Son else perish! Also Psalms 110:1; Ezekiel 17:22-24

It is not critical to know what king is represented by each metal. That's not the critical point. The critical point is that it is God who sets up and removes kings and in time he is going to set up his everlasting kingdom over the whole earth.

Daniel 3

This is where Daniel's three companions are tested in their faith to God. They refuse to bow down to a false image that the king has set up. He becomes furious and has a fiery furnace heated up seven times hotter then normal and has the three companions of David thrown in! The strong men who throw them in die from the heat but the companions of David are seen walking in the midst of the furnace and are summoned out by the frightened king. The fire had no effect on them. They did not even have the smell of smoke on them! The king is elated and allows freedom of worship for the Hebrews!

The main point is that the three knew that they might die but they loved Almighty God more than themselves and were rewarded! Compare where Jesus mentioned that one should love God with your whole soul in Matthew 22:37-39!

Fiery furnace

Daniel 4

The king of Babylon has another dream about an immense tree which is chopped down and metal bands are put on it to keep it from growing. Seven times are declared to pass over the banded stump until it realizes that it is God who gives ruler-ship even to the lowliest of mankind. Daniel interprets the dream. The king is the tree and he is to become like an animal for seven years until he realizes that it is God who causes even the lowliest of man to rule. This befalls the king and his kingdom is returned to him.

Nebuchadnezzar goes mad

The king became haughty thinking it was because of his own self that his ruler-ship was so great. But he was humbled until he realized that it was the Most High that sets up and removes kings - Even the lowliest of man.

Daniel 4:10-12 - "Now the visions of my head upon my bed I happened to be beholding, and, look! a tree in the midst of the earth, the height of which was immense. The tree grew up and became strong, and its very height finally reached the heavens, and it was visible to the extremity of the whole earth. Its foliage was fair, and its fruit was abundant, and there was food for all on it. Under it the beast of the field would seek shade, and on its boughs the birds of heaven would dwell, and from it all flesh would feed itself."

Daniel 4:15-17 "However, LEAVE its rootstock itself in the earth, even with a banding of iron and of copper, among the grass of the field; and with the dew of the heavens let it be wet, and with the beast let its portion be among the vegetation of the earth. Let its heart be changed from that of mankind, and let the heart of a beast be given to it, and let seven times pass over it. By the decree of watchers the thing is, and [by] the saying of holy ones the request is, to the intent that people living may know that the Most High is Ruler in the kingdom of mankind and that to the one whom he wants to, he gives it and he sets up over it even the lowliest one of mankind."

Daniel 4:23-26 " 'And because the king beheld a watcher, even a holy one, coming down from the heavens, who was also saying: "CHOP the tree down, and RUIN it. However, LEAVE its rootstock itself in the earth, but with a banding of iron and of copper, among the grass of the field, and with the dew of the heavens let it become wet, and with the beasts of the field let its portion be until seven times themselves pass over it," this is the interpretation, O king, and the decree of the Most High is that which must befall my lord the king. And you they will be driving away from men, and with the beasts of the field your dwelling will come to be, and the vegetation is what they will give even to you to eat just like the bulls; and with the dew of the heavens you yourself will be getting wet, and seven times themselves will pass over you, until you know that the Most High is Ruler in the kingdom of mankind, and that to the one whom he wants to he gives it. (vs.26) " 'And because they said to leave the rootstock of the tree, your kingdom will be sure to you after you know that the heavens are ruling."

Daniel 4:27 "Therefore, O king, may my counsel seem good to you, and remove your own sins by righteousness, and your iniquity by showing mercy to the poor ones. Maybe there will occur a lengthening of your prosperity."

Daniel 4:29 "At the end of twelve lunar months..."

This shows one of Daniel's recorded methods of time tracking (the lunar calendar)

Daniel 4:35 "And all the inhabitants of the earth are being considered as merely nothing, and he is doing according to his own will among the army of the heavens and the inhabitants of the earth. And there exists no one that can check his hand or say to him, 'What have you been doing?' "

Daniel 4:37 "Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, am praising and exalting and glorifying the King of the heavens, because all his works are truth and his ways are justice, and because those who are walking in pride he is able to humiliate."

We should never think too much of ourselves but thank God for our blessings!

Jesus certainly lived a lowly life, from some respects. He was born in a stable, didn't even have a house, and was executed as a criminal. Yet God raised him from the dead to sit at his right side until he is to set his enemies as a footstool for his feet - Psalm 110:1. Compare Isaiah 42:1-4; Jeremiah 33:14-16; Ezekiel 17:22-24; 34:23,24; Daniel 12:1; Zechariah 6:12,13

Daniel 5

Here we see the current king of Babylon disrespecting items from God's temple during a feast. Immediately, there is a supernatural site of a hand writing a message on a wall. Daniel is called, to interpret the message. The message to the king is that God has found him to be deficient and is going to hand the kingdom to the Medes and Persians. That very night the king is killed and Babylon ceases to be a world power.

the writing on the wall

 

Babylon is given to the Medes and Persians by God

 

Daniel 6

This is the story where Daniel is thrown in to the lions pit by schemers. The schemers had tricked the king into signing into law that for 30 days, no one was to worship anyone but the king. The penalty was death and the king could not nullify the law. But this did not deter Daniel from his regularly praying to God and that is what the wicked men wanted to see. But little did they realize that this would lead to their destruction!

Danile prays toward Jerusalem

Daniel in the lion's pit

God sends his angel and keeps Daniel from harm. The king has the schemers thrown to the lions. The miraculous delivery of Daniel impresses upon the king that Daniel's God is to be feared in the kingdom.

______________________________________________________________________

This is the beginning of the book of Daniel where the chapters do not run in order. Chapters 7 and 8 are of two different visions covering two different time periods which can overlap depending on how one views things. These visions correlate with the struggles of the king of the north and south in chapters 11 and 12 and the appearance of the messiah mentioned in chapter 9.

Daniel 7

This is a vision of 4 beasts. There are two different ways to interpret this timeline regarding what kingdoms the first three beasts may represent. But it does not matter which viewpoint is correct because it is the actions of the small horn on the forth beast that are critical to understand.

We are introduced to the first three beasts coming out of a sea. As we will see, it does not matter if these beasts represent world powers in a streaming timeline or if they coexist as powers in the time of the end of the Gentiles. But one thing is for certain, the forth is mightier then all. It's the identification of the fourth beast and the small horn that displaces three horns - That is crucial.

This may sound unusual but I have personally found that in identifying the king of the north mentioned at the end of Daniel chapter 11 and identifying the small horn on the 4th beast in Chapter 7 was easier by following the timeline backwards. It all fits. So hang in there with me as it may sound strange at first.

The four beasts

The beasts:

Daniel 7:4 "The first one was like a lion and it had the wings of an eagle. I kept on beholding until its wings were plucked out, and it was lifted up from the earth and was made to stand up on two feet just like a man, and there was given to it the heart of a man."

Could this describe king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon or perhaps Britain of our day? It doesn't matter.

Daniel 7:5 "And, see there! another beast, a second one, it being like a bear. And on one side it was raised up, and there were three ribs in its mouth between its teeth; and this is what they were saying to it, 'Get up, eat much flesh.' " (This is NOT the small horn that displaces three horns, as mentioned later)

Could this describe the Medo-Persia world power that conquered Babylon or perhaps Russia today? It doesn't matter.

Daniel 7:6 "After this I kept on beholding, and, see there! another [beast], one like a leopard, but it had four wings of a flying creature on its back. And the beast had four heads, and there was given to it rulership indeed."

Could this "leopard" describe Greece alone, in this instance? However, in Daniel 8:5-9 Greece and Rome are depicted to both be part of the same beast which is described as "a male of the goats" - Rome came from one of the four horns of Greece (vs.9). Or perhaps it could represent France today? It doesn't really matter.

Daniel 7:7-8 "After this I kept on beholding in the visions of the night, and, see there! a forth beast, fearsome and terrible and unusually strong. And it had teeth of iron, big ones. It was devouring and crushing, and what was left it was treading down with its feet. And it was something different from all the [other] beasts that were prior to it, and it had ten horns. I kept on considering the horns, and, look! another horn, a small one, came up in among them, and there were three of the first horns that were plucked up from before it. And, look! there were eyes like the eyes of a man in this horn, and there was a mouth speaking grandiose things."

Daniel himself asks for an interpretation of this starting in verse 16. The interpretation is important as it adds clarification as to the three horns and the small one.

This fourth beast represents America. America is by far the most powerful nation to ever exist. The ten horns plus the small one that comes up and gets bigger are Middle East powers that America has struggled to control through assistance whether financial or military aid. This would not include Israel because it would not be part of the beast as they are Jews. But can you imagine how America has tried to control the Middle East over the years? It's like a crown of achievement! America displaces rulers that they do not want with rulers that they do want. Currently as of this writing (Jan.25, 2016), they are working to get rid of Assad as president of Syria. Although America has given assistance to the country before.

 Check this web site out! It shows how America has primarily assisted ten Middle East countries in the past. The data is from 2010. ISIS did not exist then. But they came about by America's will to have "moderate rebels" trained in the Middle East to do their bidding. Well ISIS (IS or ISIL) has become a little monster speaking grandiose things such as conquering Europe, America, and the entire World. They have even mockingly claimed that they will kill Christ's followers "until he returns." They also have their sites upon Israel - Especially Jerusalem. They shout that they will not leave one Israeli alive. I would not doubt that they would destroy the remaining foundation wall (the wailing wall), if they captured the old city. So far, for many reasons, IS (ISIS/ISIL) fits the description of the "little horn" in chapter 7 and is also known as "the king of the north" in the later half of Daniel 11 for our time.

Daniel 7:9-10 "I kept on beholding until there were thrones placed and the Ancient of Days sat down. His clothing was white just like snow, and the hair of his head was like clean wool. His throne was flames of fire; its wheels were a burning fire. There was a stream of fire flowing and going out from before him. There were a thousand thousands that kept ministering to him, and ten thousand times ten thousand that kept standing right before him. The Court took its seat, and there were books that were opened."

  1.  The word translated here as "Court" is also literally translated "The Judgment" (Ref. footnote). This helps explain why "the horn" (the king of the north for our day) is destroyed in verse 11. It is Judged by Jehovah's "Court" as being unworthy to continue on existing. (Remember the lesson from Daniel 4:17) This happens at the end of the three and a half year period. See also comments on Daniel 11:44-45.
  2. This "Ancient of Days" is Jehovah (See Daniel 7:13,14 and compare Daniel 4:17)

Daniel 7:11 "I kept on beholding at that time because of the sound of the grandiose words that the horn was speaking; I kept on beholding until the beast was killed and its body was destroyed and it was given to the burning fire."

See comments for verses 7:9-10; 19-25; 11:44-45.

Daniel 7:12 "But as for the rest of the beasts, their rulerships were taken away, and there was a lengthening of life given to them for a time and a season."

Daniel 7:13-14 "I kept on beholding in the visions of the night, and, see there! With the clouds of the heavens someone like a son of man happened to be coming; and to the Ancient of Days he gained access, and they brought him up close even before that One. And to him there were given rulership and dignity and kingdom, that the peoples, national groups and languages should all serve even him. His rulership is an indefinitely lasting rulership that will not pass away, and his kingdom one that will not be brought to ruin."

  1. This describes in detail Jesus receiving rulership from Jehovah and with that authority received he "stands up" when he is ready to exercise that authority upon the earth - Daniel 12:1. See Revelation 5:5-10; Isaiah 9:6,7; 11:1-5,10; Jeremiah 23:2-6; 33:15; Ezekiel 17:22-24; 34:23-30; 37:15-25; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12,13
  2. Concerning "with the clouds of the heavens" - compare Matthew 24:27
  3. Concerning "And to him there were given rulership...", compare Psalms 110:1
  4. Compare verses 22 and 27.

Daniel 7:17-18 "" 'As for these huge beasts, because they are four, there are four kings that will stand up from the earth. But the holy ones of the Supreme One will receive the kingdom, and they will take possession of the kingdom for time indefinite, even for time indefinite upon times indefinite.' "

Any remaining of any kingdoms will pass their glory and submission to "the holy ones of the Supreme One". This starts when Michael stands up - See Daniel 2:44; 12:1; Psalms 2

Daniel 7:19-20 "Then it was that I desired to make certain concerning the fourth beast, which proved to be different from all the others, extraordinarily fearsome, the teeth of which were of iron and the claws of which were of copper, which was devouring [and] crushing, and which was treading down even what was left with its feet; and concerning the ten horns that were on its head, and the other [horn] that came up and before which three fell, even that horn that had eyes and a mouth speaking grandiose things and the appearance of which was bigger than that of its fellows." - See verses 7 and 8

  1. See comments for Revelation 13:16,17; 16:14; 17:12-13. It also helps to identify it as the king of the north for our time - See comments Daniel 9:24,25; 11:36-39.
  2. Compare the thought of "and he will carry on deception and actually come up and become mighty by means of a little nation." (See Daniel 11:23 comments)
  3. The word "fell" here is Strong's number of 5308 which can mean "to lie down." - See verses 24, 25

Daniel 7:21 "I kept on beholding when that very horn made war upon the holy ones, and it was prevailing against them, "

Compare Daniel 11:21-24, 33,36

This is not "Har-Magedon" - The "holy ones" mentioned here are the second group of witnesses to be fully put to the test and "conquer" Satan's kingdom as Jesus did - See Revelation 17:14

Daniel 7:22 " until the Ancient of Days came and judgment itself was given in favor of the holy ones of the Supreme One, and the definite time arrived that the holy ones took possession of the kingdom itself."

This "very" horn makes war upon the holy ones and was depicted as "prevailing against them" just before judgment was given in favor to the holy ones. See Daniel 11:21-45. This action against the holy ones does not necessarily start in the "time of [the] end" (Daniel 11:40) but could start a little before it - That is, a little while before the the conquering of Jerusalem (see Daniel 11).

The "judgment" most likely occurs once they "come to life" (After the three and a half year period) and are accepted and forgiven by Jehovah (Revelation 11 "two witnesses"). Then it shows that "the definite time arrived that the holy ones took possession of the kingdom itself" - This is the time period of and after "Har-Magedon" (Revelation 16:13-16) when Michael stands up (Daniel 12).

Compare Zechariah 3:1-10 to see how it is Jehovah who makes the decisions on who will rule with Jesus. This account deals with the first group of the "two witnesses" mentioned in Revelation 11:1.

Daniel 7:23 "This is what he said, 'As for the fourth beast, there is a fourth kingdom that will come to be on the earth, that will be different from all the [other] kingdoms; and it will devour all the earth and will trample it down and crush it."

See comments for verses 7 and 8

Daniel 7:24-25 "And as for the ten horns, out of that kingdom there are ten kings that will rise up; and still another one will rise up after them, and he himself will be different from the first ones, and three kings he will humiliate. And he will speak even words against the Most High, and he will harass continually the holy ones themselves of the Supreme One. And he will intend to change times and law, and they will be given into his hand for a time, and times and half a time."

  1. This is an elaboration of Daniel 7:19-20 and it tells us the time period of the three and a half times. Compare Revelation 11:1,2 and Daniel 12:7,11
  2. This term, "rise up" is critical to understanding the relationship between the horns and the unusually strong beast that they were upon. This word is often translated to the Strong's number of 6966. This word is also used in 7:4 "made to stand"; 6:15 "the king...establishes"; 6:3 "to elevate" or "to appoint." There are many areas in Daniel where this word is used. It is true that America elevates leaders for Middle East countries - Even starting ISIS. If correct, ISIS would be the 11th horn.
  3. The interpretation of the three horns being "plucked up" or "fell" is given here as humiliation which is Strong's number 8214. It is found in Daniel 4:37 "and he able to humble.."; 5:19, 20 as "humbled." So it is could mean that the little horn doesn't have to conquer three kings, he just has to humiliate them. If ISIS is the king of the north in the later part of chapter 11, they already have humbled three kings. The kings of Iraq and Syria gave way a lot of land to ISIS. Now ISIS is loosely established in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt. They are also in Libya but Libya really doesn't have a king right now. But if they are the king of the north, they are much better poised to strike at Israel - Especially the old city of Jerusalem where it would hurt the most. Whoever takes the old city away from Israel and occupies it, they are the king of the north. See Daniel 11:31. When that happens, there will be a little over 3.5 years until the kingdom of God arrives in power to rule the world!
  4. ISIS does try to conquer all other faiths and if they don't die, they make life hard under their rule. They have threatened to make Palestine the graveyard of the Jews.

Daniel 7:26 "And the Court itself proceeded to sit, and his own rulership they finally took away, in order to annihilate [him] and to destroy [him] totally."

See Daniel 7:9-10 comments. This king of the north is judged and comes "to his end" (Daniel 11:45)

Daniel 7:27 " 'And the kingdom and the rulership and the grandeur of the kingdoms under all the heavens were given to the people who are the holy ones of the Supreme One. Their kingdom is an indefinitely lasting kingdom, and all the rulerships will serve and obey even them.' "

Remember the lessons from earlier chapters of Daniel. Chapter two tells of God's kingdom ruling the earth. Chapter four tells of Almighty God giving rulership to whom he wants - Compare Matthew 6:9,10; 20:20-23; Luke 22:28-30

See Revelation 11:15 comments.

Daniel 8

Daniel 8 is similar to 7 in the fact that the interpretation is told to Daniel and recorded later in the chapter which makes things easier to understand.

Daniel 8:1-27 This is a vision of Daniel of two beasts. The first one is a ram that represents Media and Persia. The second beast is a hairy goat represents Greece with Rome which comes from one of it's horns. It is the effects of this second beast that Jesus warned his disciples about in Matthew 24 and Luke 21. These effects were to last longer the beast itself!

The ram from Daniel eight

Daniel 8:3 The first beast is described as a ram with two horns of which one was taller then the other - This is interpreted as the kings of Media and Persia in chapter 8:20

Daniel 8:4 The next beast is a hairy he-goat with a great horn that is broken and four stand up instead of it and a small horn comes out of one of those horns. The goat is interpreted as the king of Greece in chapter 8:21 and notice verses 8 and 9.

Below are some notes taken from a different place in this site but pertain to these verses:

They help explain the identification of Rome from Greece as depicted as a hairy he-goat.

For the first century destruction of Jerusalem: This is based upon prophesy in Daniel 11:9-20 (Rome) and Daniel 8:4-12 (Greece and Rome). But notice Daniel 8:13 "How long will the vision be of the constant [feature] and of the transgression causing desolation, to make both [the] holy place and [the] army things to trample on?" Here Daniel was talking about a timeframe of this vision NOT the vision of King Nebuchadnezzar and the tree in Daniel 4. In Daniel 8, this time period apparently started with this beast's ("male of the goats") campaign (made up of Greece and Rome - For it was Rome who destroyed Jerusalem. But this started with the "male of the goats coming from the sunset upon the surface of the whole earth, and it was not touching the earth") (Daniel 8:5) AND would have a definite end that is, with the end of the trampling of "[the] holy place and [the] army" (Daniel 8:13). This started with the year of 334 BCE. At 20 years of age, Alexander the Great claimed the throne in 336 BCE and it was in 334 BCE that he along with 30,000 infantry soldiers and 5,000 cavalry soldiers crossed the Hellespont into Asia and he never returned - dying in 323 BC. Then add the "2,300 evenings [and] mornings" (2,300 years) (Daniel 8:14) and the result is the recent year of June of 1967 when Israel firmly established it's position  (by showing by war it was not to be trampled on by the surrounding nations. And it captured the "old city" area of Jerusalem of which it had none of before since its destruction in 70 CE. Remember, "Jerusalem" today is larger then what it was in the first century. Also, when doing research, it is good to note that the term "East Jerusalem" has more then  one definition and they are not entirely compatible.). This does not indicate that Jehovah accepts them as his holy ones today (See Daniel link). (A formula which is accurate and I use for time periods extending over the "zero year" is: ((full time period of years that extend over the "zero" year) minus (start year (BCE)) plus (one (to coincide with our calendar)))). This is one example of time periods that are represented by beasts. However, there is another very significant time period for the nations - See timeline.

Daniel 8:8 helps to identify this beast and it's horns. The great horn was Alexander the Great. At the peak of his power he suddenly died. Greece was divided up with his four Generals of which one became Rome. Rome eventually laid siege to Jerusalem, massacred the Jews, and destroyed the Temple.

Daniel 8:9 speaks of Rome (the little horn getting bigger). This horn is the king of the north in his first time attacking Jerusalem. He is mentioned in Daniel 11:1-20. His end is different when he reappears as another king to strike against Jerusalem in our day. The first time the king of the north (as Rome in this instance) strikes at Jerusalem, he slowly fades away - Compare Daniel 11:15-20 which depicts the first century fall of Jerusalem along with Rome fading away. See also Luke 19:41-44. The second time the "little horn" appears, he is granted 3.5 years over God's people. But his end is definite. He is defeated. This little horn is in a vision of a "fourth beast" in Daniel 7. Compare Revelation 17:11 (Rome - because Revelation was written decades after the fall of Jerusalem but the small horn will come back as a different king (not Rome) as the king of the north). Compare Daniel 7:24-27 with 11-12:3.

Daniel 8:10 Speaking about Rome; "And it kept getting greater all the way to the army of the heavens, so that it caused some of the army and some of the stars to fall to the earth, and it went trampling them down." - Nineveh of old - in Jonah's day was considered "a city great to God" (Jonah 1:2; 3:3) This term can also be rendered "extremely great" or "divinely great" (Ref. bible footnote) - This does not mean it did good things. It just meant it drew his attention. Same thing with Pharaoh depicted as a great tree "high in stature, so that it put its treetop even among the clouds.." (Ezekiel 31:10). The term "stars" can be similar to the "stars" mentioned in Revelation 1:20 namely, the older men or spiritual leaders of the congregations (Revelation 2:1).

Daniel 8:12 "And an army itself was gradually given over, together with the constant [feature], because of transgression; and it kept throwing truth to the earth, and it acted and had great success." - See notes at the end of chapter 8 about the term "constant feature" or "continual sacrifice"

Daniel 8:13,14 "...'How long will the vision be of the constant [feature] and of the transgression causing desolation, to make both [the] holy place and [the] army things to trample on?' So he said to me: 'Until two thousand three hundred evenings [and] mornings; and [the] holy place will certainly be brought into its right condition.' "

Simply put, this "transgression causing desolation" was the hairy he-goat in this vision. It was a "horn" (Rome) of this beast that persecuted God's people. This beast's conquest had its beginning in 334 BCE and the effects of putting the holy place in the "wrong" condition ended in June 1967 at the end of the "6 day war" where Israel captured and controlled all of Jerusalem. See "1914" and the notes after Daniel 8:4 to help understand this timeline.

Regarding Jerusalem today: The borders are larger then what they were in the first century. Actually, the walls of Jerusalem from the first century seem to have resided entirely in what is known as "East Jerusalem" today and was captured by Israel in the 1967 "six day" war. Although it is good to note that the term "East Jerusalem" has different definitions. So, if one was to just view the geographical location of the original city from the first century, one could say that Israel did not have any of  it since 70 CE. along with their army - with both being "trampled on" until 1967 with the advent of the "6 day war.".

 The time between the end of this vision in 1967 and the next conquering of Jerusalem is not made evident. However, with the current situation in the Middle East and the possibility that ISIS is the symbolic "small horn" to take Jerusalem away from Israel..... these could be exciting yet troublesome times indeed - See notes in chapter 7 of Daniel about the "small horn" conquering Jerusalem again.

Daniel 8:17b  "Understand, O son of man, that the vision is for the time of the end."

The Emphasized Bible: "that < to the time of the end > belongeth the vision".

NIV Interlinear: "that the vision concerns the time of the end".

King James Version: "for at the time of the end shall be the vision"

Daniel 8:20-22 Helps identify Rome as described in verses 23 - 25 . Notice how this king of the north has a different end then for the one in our day (Daniel 11:21-45). Verse25 states: "but it will be without hand that he will be broken." This is where Rome is the king of the north described in Daniel 11:9-20. Notice how it describes his downfall in the end of verse 20: "he will be broken, but not in anger nor in warfare." Rome is not the king of the north for our day - Compare Daniel 7:23-26 and 11:44,45 where the small horn then is decisively defeated.

Daniel 8:23-25 Rome (as part of the he-goat) acts and prevails against God's people and destroys Jerusalem that contained the temple, the "continual sacrifice".

Notice "but it will be without hand that he will be broken" - this represents the fading away of the "horn" and its beast that it was a part of. Rome basically "faded away".

Further notes concerning the "constant feature" or "continual sacrifice":

  1. Daniel 8:11,12,13 all use the term "the constant [feature]". The ref. footnote for this term in verse 11 states: "Or, 'the continual [sacrifice],' .." // This helps to identify this "feature" as Jerusalem when one compares 1 Chronicles 23:31 where it is talking about Levite duties in Jerusalem; "and for every offering up of the burnt sacrifices to Jehovah at the Sabbaths, at the new moons and at the festival seasons, by number according to the rule concerning them, constantly before Jehovah."  Compare also where worship is continuous at Numbers 4:16; 29:6 (below); Zechariah 14:7-9; Revelation 21:22-27; 22:1-5; Jeremiah 33:18 "...render sacrifice always"; and Hebrews 10:1 where "sacrifices...they offer continually." Keep in mind that the brackets "[  ]" include a word that has been interjected by the translator to "assist" in clarity of thought.
    1. The Hebrew word translated as "constant" is "tamiyd" (#8548) by the Abingdon's Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible and it is defined as: "from an unused root mean. to stretch; prop. continuance (as indef. extension); but used only (attributively as adj.) constant (or adv. constantly); ellipt. the regular (daily) sacrifice:- away (-s), continual (employment, -ly), daily, ([n]) ever (-more), perpetual."
    2. There are only 7 places where this word is used in the bible:
      1. Daniel 8:11 "And all the way to the Prince of the army it put on great airs, and from him the constant [feature] was taken away, and the established place of his sanctuary was thrown down."
      2. Daniel 8:12 "And an army itself was gradually given over, together with the constant [feature], because of transgression; and it kept throwing truth to the earth, and it acted and had success."
      3. Daniel 8:13 "And I got to hear a certain holy one speaking, and another holy one proceeded to say to the particular one who was speaking: "How long will the vision be of the constant [feature] and of the transgression causing desolation, to make both [the] holy place and [the] army things to trample on?"
      4. Daniel 11:31 "And there will be arms that will stand up, proceeding from him; and they will actually profane the sanctuary, the fortress, and remove the constant [feature]."
      5. Daniel 12:11 "And from the time that the constant [feature] has been removed and there has been a placing of the disgusting thing that is causing desolation, there will be one thousand two hundred and ninety days."
      6. Numbers 4:16 "And the oversight of Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest is over the oil of the luminary and the perfumed incense and the constant grain offering and the anointing oil, the oversight of all the tabernacle and all that is in it, namely, the holy place and its utensils."
      7. Numbers 29:6 "aside from the monthly burnt offering and its grain offering and the constant burnt offering and its grain offering, together with their drink offerings, according to the regular procedure for them, as a restful odor, an offering made by fire to Jehovah."
    3. The Interlinear Bible translates the word as "continual" in Numbers 4:16; 29:6; "daily" in Daniel 8:11,12; "regular" in Daniel 8:13; 11:31; 12:11
    4. When comparing all the information above including 1 Chronicles 23:31; Zechariah 14:7-9; Revelation 21:22-27; 22:1-5, "the constant [feature]" or "the continual [sacrifice]" are referring to Jerusalem - Literal or Spiritual. In these cases, the term "the continual [feature]"; "the continual [sacrifice]"; "the regular [sacrifice]"; "the daily [sacrifice]" refer to a location that can be identified throughout the centuries. It does not matter if the people in Jerusalem are "God's people" at the time - See the "Who are God's people today?" site page. This idea is also used in Daniel 11:31; 12:11.

 

Daniel 9

Here in this chapter we start by finding Daniel praying for the sins of his people. And in answer he receives information regarding the timeline of the appearance of the Messiah. It is easily realized that the prophesy deal with Jesus Christ. But verses 26 and 27 talk about the first advent where the little horn or king of the north in the first century as spoken of in chapter 8 (Rome) basically kills (cuts off) the Messiah. Compare Daniel 8:9-12; 23-25 with Daniel 11:9-20.

Daniel 9:24-27 Basically goes over the prophesy that helped ones around the turn of the first century know basically when the Messiah was to arrive and included that he would be "cut off".

The 70 prophetic weeks are divided up as 62 weeks plus 7 weeks plus 1 week. Jesus was "cut off" in the middle of the last week.

This timeline begins with the going forth of the word to restore and rebuild Jerusalem which was around 455 BCE. At the end of the 69 prophetic weeks (a day for a year - 69x7= 483), the Messiah would appear! Jesus did not start his "mission" until he was baptized being about 30 years old. This is why so many were in expectation of his arrival, at that time! See Luke 2:25-34; John 4:4-26

Daniel 9:27b "And upon the wing of disgusting things there will be the one causing desolation; and until an extermination, the very thing decided upon will go pouring out also upon the one lying desolate."

  1. The NIV renders this passage as: "And on a wing of the temple, he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him."
  2. The rendering varies from translation to translation. However, the important thing is to identify this "abomination that causes desolation" in Jesus' day (see prior verses). This would be Rome. And it is this "abomination" that Jesus is referring to that causes the trampling of Jerusalem in Luke 21:24. Compare Daniel 8:23-25; 11:13-17 and "1914 videos".

Daniel 10

Daniel 10 is an introduction to chapters 11 and 12. Chapters 11 and 12 basically go together.

Chapter ten also introduces us to Michael as the prince of Daniel's people in verses 13 and 21 into chapter 11 verse 1. Michael comes to help Gabriel in his fight against the prince of Persia.

Michael

Daniel 11

Daniel 11 Talks about kings and starts off with identifying the king of Greece, Alexander the Great in verses 3 and 4.

  1. Verses 9 thru 20 are somewhat repeated in some areas but the king of the north here is Rome and the king of the south is the Jewish nation with its "strong position"(vs.12), "a city with fortifications"(vs.15) being Jerusalem. It is very likely that Jesus was referring (along with Daniel 8) to this area in Daniel when he was talking to his disciples about difficult times to come (Mathew 24; Luke 21). But Jesus was probably also referring to similar actions of the king of the north in our day (vs.21-45). See also the "1914" link.
  2.  Verses 21 thru 45  refer to the king of the north for our day. If one "works backwards" in the timeline in Daniel, one realizes that the king of the north of our day destroys (or conquers) literal Jerusalem. // Daniel 11:23 uses the term "by means of a little nation" - the Ref. footnote: or "fewness of a nation" - This could be referring to ISIS of our day. 
  3. Also, there is a difference between the ending of the king of the north for our day (vs.45) and the ending of the king of the north of early Christian times (vs.20). There is also a difference with the kings of the south. In verse 10, it mentions the king of the south goes back to this fortress (Jerusalem) and it does not mention that the king of the south (back then) had a large army as it does for the king of the south for our day (vs.25 "...and the king of the south, for his part, will excite himself for the war with an exceedingly great and mighty military force."
  4. Verses 21 thru 24 are talking about the kings of the north and south for our day. Verses 25 thru 45 elaborate on verses 21 thru 24. The critical identification of a point in time (for us) is when the king of the north destroys or conquers and occupies Jerusalem (vs.31). - See comments on Daniel 7:19-20.
  5. Notice in verse 27 how it seems that diplomacy occurs but in untruth.
  6. Notice verse 28 shows that the king of the north goes back to his land with "a great amount of goods" - much different then the king of the north in early Christian  times. This is also done after diplomacy (vs.27). This verse also shows how the king of the north's determination is against the holy ones - Along with the wild beast's determination mentioned in Revelation 13.
  7. It seems that starting with verse 30b "And he..." thru verse 31, this is an elaboration of verse 28.
  8. Verses 29-30 shows another war campaign of the king of the north but that "he will have to become dejected" -see vs.30b comments.
  9. Verse 31 - For a detailed description of  the "arms that will stand up, proceeding from him" see the 1,290 day page
  10. Verse 31 - The "constant [feature]" is "removed" - Jerusalem is destroyed or conquered by the king of the north. - See also the "1914" page; 1,290 days. This "constant [feature]" is also translated "continual [sacrifice]" - See Jeremiah 33:18; Daniel 8:11-13 has good notes on this term and compare 12:11
  11. Verses 32-39 speaks of actions of the king of the north of our time. Some of these actions could (and I believe they have already have) start before the fall of the present day city of Jerusalem.
  12. Verse 32 "And those acting wickedly against [the] covenant" could be anyone who purposefully continues to apostatize by holding on to false scriptural teachings The king of the north will try to "lead" ones into apostasy by "smooth words" - This could be some type of agreement between the king of the north and those who want to hold onto false beliefs or trickery to get God's people to "receive the mark" of the wild beast. The term "smooth words" may denote the settings of a trap or acting with hypocrisy (see vs.34). Notice: Other prophesy denotes that a large scale ban will take place on God's people. So this warning can apply to all. See Revelation 13:7 comments.
  13. Verses 33-35 talk about some of those who have insight and that many will be made to stumble because of them. This is a cleansing or whitening process concerning straightening worship to God. This is part of a separating and preparing work within God's people so they can be measured (Malachi 4:5,6; Matthew 24:9-12; Revelation 21:9-21; Compare Revelation 11:1 comments and Proverbs 3:5-6 footnote in the American Standard Version) Anyone promoting a false teaching as being from God is a false prophet and will need Jehovah to forgive them because they sinned against him - see Zechariah 13:2-6; 3:4; James 5:15
  14. Verse 34 "they will be helped with a little help" - See Ezekiel 7:26; 11:16 for possible parallel applications. Compare also Luke 23:31-40
  15. Verse 34 "..and many will certainly join themselves to them by means of smoothness." - The Interlinear Bible translates it this way: "..But many will join them, with hypocrisy." // So here we can see the possibility of government or other spies and/or hypocrites joining themselves to God's people although God's people at this time have endured times of "sackcloth" - Compare Matthew 22:2-14; Revelation 11:2
  16. Verse 36-39 shows how the king of the north of our time will "magnify himself" and will give glory "to the god of fortresses" (to "worship" military might)
  17. Verses 40-45 repeats actions mentioned in verses 25-30 but with slightly different information. Verse 43 mentions that Ethiopia will be at his feet - In ancient times Ethiopia bordered Egypt's southern border - Not like today. Notice vs.44-45 "But there will be reports that will disturb him, out of the sunrising and out of the north, and he will certainly go forth in a great rage in order to annihilate and to devote many to destruction .... and he will have to come all the way to his end, and there will be no helper for him." - This could also have been foretold at Isaiah 46:11 referring to Jehovah; "the one calling from the sunrising a bird of prey, from a distant land the man to execute my counsel" Remember Daniel 7:26 when it refers to the king of the north for our day; "And the Court itself proceeded to sit, and his own rulership they finally took away, in order to annihilate [him] and to destroy [him] totally."  This happens at the end of the three and a half year time period. However, when someone takes into consideration the comments for Revelation 6:2, this phrase "out of the sunrising" can refer to as: "being given authority by Jehovah" +  "to conquer" - So it is possible that it could be a king(s) authorized by Jehovah to destroy the king of the north - Or even Christ himself with his armies! This would certainly put fear in men to submit - Compare Psalms 2 and Revelation 11:12,13,17,18: Revelation 6:12-17; Matthew 24:27-31

Daniel 12

A continuation of chapter 11..

Daniel 12:1 "And during that time Michael will stand up, the great prince who is standing in behalf of the sons of your people. And there will certainly occur a time of distress such as has not been made to occur since there came to be a nation until that time. And during that time your people will escape, every one who is found written down in the book." - This seems to happen very soon after the king of the north is defeated or he could be finally defeated by Jesus and his armies too! See above comments for Daniel 11:40-45. (Matthew 24:21,22) And after the approximate 45 day period to show repentance. For more information regarding "stand" see the 1,290 days page.

Daniel is told that the words of the vision are sealed (or closed up) until the time of the end being the end of the rule of the gentile nations. Compare chapter 11:40 and the notes on chapter 7 concerning the small horn that pushes aside three other horns that are all on the top of a very strong wild beast.

Daniel's vision is sealed

  1. Verse 2 - Resurrections start of "many of those asleep in the ground of dust" - Compare John 5:28,29
  2. Verse 3 - "And the ones having insight will shine like the brightness of the expanse; and those who are bringing the many to righteousness, like the stars to time indefinite, even forever."
  3. Verse 4 shows us that the words are "sealed up" until the time of the end. If this is the true understanding, we will be in the time of the end of Gentile rulers! But the clock doesn't start ticking until the little horn of our day (ISIS?) takes the old city of Jerusalem away from Israel and occupies it - See Daniel 11:31; 12:11
  4. Verse 6 The question is asked: "How long will it be to the end of the wonderful things?" The Emphasized Bible: "How long shall be the end of the wonders?" The NIV Interlinear: "How long will it be before these astonishing things are fulfilled?" - The time period is given twice. Once in verse 7; "It will be for an appointed time, appointed times and a half." It continues to say when it ends: "And as soon as there will have been a finishing of the dashing of the power of the holy people to pieces, all these things will come to their finish." Another more accurate time period along with the start time is given in verse 11; "And from the time the constant [feature] has been removed and there has been a placing of the disgusting thing that is causing desolation, there will be one thousand two hundred and ninety days." The reasoning that these are the same time periods is found at the timeline page and the 1,290 day page - (See also the "1914" link) This is a time of great tribulation for God's people and others. Satan is restricted to the earth. Jehovah removes his spirit from "his people" to allow a cleansing and it is at this time that Jesus takes "half" of spiritual Jerusalem into the "wilderness" for three and a-half years. The other "half" will be sealed by the time of the completion of the "dashing of the power of the holy people to pieces". Satan is allowed to test God's people to the limit as he did with the Christians of old. - See also the site page "Who are God's people today?"
  5. Verses 9 and 10 are repeat information.
  6. Between verses 11 and 12, there are 45 days. This corresponds with a time period at Matthew 24:29-31 and Revelation 11:11-13 and events in the book of Jonah - See timeline. The very start of this time period (three and a half days) appears to be when the "two witnesses" appear to be "dead" to the nations - They no doubt rejoice due to the "stinging" messages from them. But a great sign is seen and they realize they acted against God's people. They need to repent or die. It could be that most will repent and will turn on Babylon the Great and destroy her (See Revelation 11:11-13 and 14:6-11 comments)
  7. Verse 12: "Happy is the one who is keeping in expectation and who arrives at the one thousand three hundred and thirty-five days!" - This would be at the end of the 45 day period when Michael begins his rule on earth. For those who do not repent or submit they will perish (Revelation 16:13-14; 19:11-21) - See timeline. However, great rejoicing occurs with God's people - they will walk in pride (to the glory of Jehovah - Isaiah 45:17). See Revelation 20:6; Psalms 2
  8. Verse 13: "And as for you yourself, go toward the end; and you will rest, but you will stand up for your lot at the end of the days." Daniel was given assurance that although he would die, he would be resurrected.

 

 

   
  Copyright 2017; Dale Arthur Beckman, Jr.; All rights reserved. -  *Most scriptures quoted are from the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures (Reference Edition 1984) unless otherwise noted and have been copied by hand and yet need proof-reading. See my channel on Youtube.com for some of the latest information and have a great day :)